Weakening of basic vowels

The other day I wondered how a journalist could write “seperate” ind stead of “separate”, and of course the answer is that unstressed ‘a’ always loses its vowel quality, maybe not all, but just a little of it.

This reminds me of a dictionary in which I saw that e.g. weakened ‘a’ could be indicated like this: {ɘa} or ɘ with a small superscript ‘a’.

In the same way small superscript ‘o’ and ‘u’ were indicated in words with weak syllables w.those two.

Can anyone help what dictionaries differentiate between the ɘ for weak a, o and u?


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